According to the Federal Register, there are 441 agencies and departments in the United States Federal Government. Federal government jobs offer competitive pay, advancement opportunities, and stable benefits. If you are in the job market, you can find thousands of opportunities in a variety of fields. Here are five things you need to know about the Federal hiring process that will help you to find the right job and career. To land a Federal job, you must:

1. Meet the citizenship requirement

Generally, you must become a U.S. citizen to be eligible for Federal competitive service jobs. You can apply for a position that is open to the public. There are rare instances where non-citizens may be eligible for hire. Spouses of military service members may be eligible to apply for specific jobs through a non-competitive process. The family of overseas employees can use for Federal overseas posts as well. Ex-offenders are also available for Federal employment. Contact the agency or department that issues the job listing for clarification.

2. Meet the age requirement

Age requirements are listed in a Federal job opportunity announcement. Most require you to be at least 18 years of age. In some cases, the condition can be 16 years if you have completed high school, formal vocational training, or are enrolled in a secondary education institution. Some positions have a maximum age requirement ranging between 34 and 37 years.

3. Understand the Federal payment system – white collar, blue collar

Federal pay scales are determined by the General Schedule or the Federal Wage System. The GS sets the pay rate for executive positions, while the FWS sets the standard for blue-collar jobs. Certain agencies administer their pay systems and determine their pay scales. Under the GS, some employees receive locality pay while others get cost of living allowances. Under FWS guidelines, compensation is determined by the local wage area the job is in.

4. Learn how to qualify for positions

First, understand the qualification standards for a position. These guidelines explain the minimum requirements such as educational, physical, and security requirements to perform a job. Next, the area of consideration defines who may apply and be considered for a Federal position. Finally, the job announcement will tell you if an examination is required for the specific area.

5. Know where to apply

Federal agencies list their openings on On the website, you can search and apply for opportunities, create a job profile, and learn more about careers with the Federal government. You can also find out more about the Federal hiring process through the U.S. Office of Personnel Management.

Protect Your Rights When You Are Seeking Federal Employment

Federal jobs are subject to the same laws governing hiring and employment as private companies. While there is one place where you can search for jobs across many Federal agencies, each one has their internal hiring process. Therefore, your experience can vary from one agency to another. Contact Parag Amin Employment Law for a free consultation if you believe that you have been treated unfairly or unlawfully in applying for a Federal job.